The Bujang Valley is one of the most underrated archaeological sites in Malaysia and it is
really worth a visit to spend. The Bujang Valley extends from the Gunung Jerai in the north to the Sungai Muda (river) in the south.
It is a large historic park like complex near the little town Merbok. At
the entrance is a little museum (air-conditioned) in a building. The admission
Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum
is free. Inside you'll find many artefacts, which are found in this
Relics include inscribed stone caskets and tablets, metal tools and ornaments, ceramics, pottery, inscriptions, Buddha Statues and Hindu icons. In the Valley Bujang you'll find remains of more than 50 Hindu temples, called
On the grounds of the museum you'll find some of these temples. Archaeological research indicates, that
there has been an ancient Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in this valley
possibly as early as 300 CE.
From the 2nd century AD traders of the Middle East and India
searched for an alternative route to replace the Silk Road to China overland.
The Indian merchants sailed with their ships eastward.
After a few weeks sailing the saw a big mountain at the end
of the horizon: the Gunung Jerai.
It was the imposing peak of Mount Jerai that first captivated the travel weary traders from the Far East to anchor at Bujang Valley. After travelling for months in the high seas, the 1,217 metre Mount Jerai must have been a welcoming sight for the seafarers.
That was a landmark for the sailors after so many weeks at
The route to China was too long to sail and the monsoon arrived. Heavy rainfall and devastating hurricanes
are dangerous at sea. Their ships could go down!
They had to wait until the monsoon was over.
It was impossible to make the long journey from India to China in
one year time. Therefore they sought a secluded place on the mainland.
They found a perfect place at the foot of Gunung Jerai in Malaysia: the Bunjang Valley!
Now they could wait quietly until the monsoon
was over. So they founded a trading center in the Bujang Valley.
They were trading rainforest produce in return for metals, textiles and other rarities
They stayed here from the 5th to the
14th century. We can divide this period into a Buddhist phase (5th
to the 10th century and the Hindu-phase (10th to 14th century). This
allowed Hinduism and Buddhism spread throughout Malaysia.
Archaeological research has concluded that here around 300 AD a
Hindu-Buddhist kingdom was founded. Old tales from the legend
stories of a great kingdom of jewels and gold, that there must have
been. Many people in this region believe in it. In India even go the
stories in the round that expensive cars and gold jewellery are hidden caves and Gunung Jerai.
By the 7th century, Bujang Valley had evolved into a flourishing entrepot. It was also the first port in Southeast Asia - via its sea route - to link an alternative route to East and West Asia. This route was known as the Spice Route. It offered an alternative to the Silk Road, which connected Chinese and Far East traders by land. The valley continued to prosper until the emergence of the Sultanate of Malacca in the early 15th century.
The construction of the candi can be divided into four categories based on the material used i.e. granite, bricks, laterite, or river rocks. The roof was
carried by wooden or stone pillars. Obviously the roofing
has been perished in past 1200 years. None has been left.
has two functions: 1) it is a sacred place to pay respect to the deceased members of the royal families. 2) it is a place to conduct religious activities.
Since the discovery of the first temple, more temple ruins have been found. To date, a total of 50 temples have been reported. Some of them have been partly reconstructed or relocated and some remain at their original sites, still open for new discoveries.
Hindu images have been excavated at the various candi sites such as the Ganesha (the elephant faced deity) and the Durga (the consort of Siva) and a bronze image of Lord Vishnu. Buddhist images were also found during excavation at sites nearby.
Inside the Archaeological Museum is also a beautiful model of
the whole area of the Bujang Valley.
The museum is located in a very natural environment against Batu Pahat hill of
the Gunung Jerai mountain.
The grounds of the archaeological museum located against the tropical rainforest and
close to some waterfalls. Visitors to this area can go hiking,
picnicking and swimming on the grounds of the museum. There are
enough parking places.
This inscription in stone, is called
the Buddhagupta inscription. It is one of the older inscriptions,
which is found in the region of the Bujang Valley. This stone was excavated in Seberang Perai.
This town lies on the mainland opposite Penang.
The stone dates from the 5th century and was
made by the captain of a ship, which was called Buddhagupte. This inscription in stone is a thanksgiving to Buddha for the successful voyage.
The Buddhagupte came from a region in India, which was
called Raktamrttika. Yhe region is near the Bay of Bengal. Today this region is called: Rajbadidanga.
The stone refers to the relationship between international trade Bujang Valley
in Malaysia and India.
Transport: The Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum is 2.5 km from Merbok town. There is no direct public transport to the museum, however, visitors can hire a taxi from the nearest town, Sungai Petani, which is only a 20-minute drive from Merbok town.
Alternatively, they can also get a taxi from the capital city of Kedah, Alor Star which is 60 km from Merbok town. The state of Kedah is the oldest state in Malaysia and located in the northern part of the Peninsular.